Linux运维

Unbuntu和Centos中部署同时多版本PHP的详细过程

宋兴柱 · 9月4日 · 2017年 · 643次已读
 
 
镜像制作:Unbuntu14 部署LAMP过程
1、Azure经典版中创建源Ubuntu14,并使用Xshell连接,并切换到root帐户下。
2、安装php5.4,新建/var/local/php54目录,到官网下载5.4最新版php-5.4.45.tar.gz到此目录下,并解压tar -zvxf php-5.4.45.tar.gz。
 
3、安装依赖包
Centos:
yum install -y gcc gcc-c++  make zlib zlib-devel pcre pcre-devel  libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel glibc glibc-devel glib2 glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devel e2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel krb5 krb5-devel openssl openssl-devel openldap openldap-devel nss_ldap openldap-clients openldap-servers
 
Ubuntu:
apt-get -y install build-essential libxml2-dev libpcre3-dev libjpeg62-dev libfreetype6-dev libpng12-dev libpng3 libpnglite-dev libiconv-hook-dev libiconv-hook1 libmcrypt-dev libmcrypt4 libmhash-dev libmhash2 libltdl-dev libssl-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev libmysqlclient-dev libmagickcore-dev libmagickwand-dev
apt-get install libxslt1-dev
ln -s /usr/lib/libiconv_hook.so.1.0.0 /usr/lib/libiconv.so
ln -s /usr/lib/libiconv_hook.so.1.0.0 /usr/lib/libiconv.so.1
apt-get -y install autoconf automake m4
参考资料:
 
4、进入/usr/local/php54/php-5.4.45中编译安装:
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/php54/php-5.4.45 \
–with-curl \
–with-freetype-dir \
–with-gd \
–with-gettext \
–with-iconv-dir \
–with-kerberos \
–with-libdir=lib64 \
–with-libxml-dir \
–with-MySQL \
–with-pdo-mysql \
–with-mysqli \
–with-openssl \
–with-pcre-regex \
–with-pdo-mysql \
–with-pdo-sqlite \
–with-pear \
–with-png-dir \
–with-xmlrpc \
–with-xsl \
–with-zlib \
–enable-fpm \
–enable-bcmath \
–enable-libxml \
–enable-inline-optimization \
–enable-gd-native-ttf \
–enable-mbregex \
–enable-mbstring \
–enable-pcntl \
–enable-shmop \
–enable-soap \
–enable-sockets \
–enable-sysvsem \
–enable-xml \
–enable-zip
 
5、复制配置文件:
# make &&  make install
# cp -R ./sapi/fpm/php-fpm.conf /usr/local/php54/php-5.4.45/etc/php-fpm.conf
# cp php.ini-development /usr/local/php54/php-5.4.45/lib/php.ini
# cp -R ./sapi/fpm/php-fpm /etc/init.d/php-fpm5.4.44
 
参考:同样 道理,5.5版本时:
# cp -R ./sapi/fpm/php-fpm.conf /usr/local/php55/php-5.5.37/etc/php-fpm.conf
# cp php.ini-development /usr/local/php55/php-5.5.37/lib/php.ini
# cp -R ./sapi/fpm/php-fpm /etc/init.d/php-fpm5.5.37
 
6、配置
(1)也可以创建一个用户php54并添加到php组中:
groupadd php
useradd –shell /sbin/nologin -g php php54
(2)修改配置文件/usr/local/php54/php-54.4.45/etc/php-fpm.conf文件,配置监听端口,默认为9000,我们改成9054
; Note: This value is mandatory.  
listen = 127.0.0.1:9054
(2)设置用户,将原来的nobody改成root或者当前用户(做镜像时,把用户写进去):
; Unix user/group of processes
; Note: The user is mandatory. If the group is not set, the default user’s group
;       will be used.
user = php54
group = php
 
7、运行
(1)执行/etc/init.d/php-fpm5.4.44
(2) 查看进程:ps aux|grep php 或者使用 ss -tanl检查端口。
(3)停止:ps -ef|grep php-fpm|awk ‘NR==1{print “kill “$2}’|sh
 
 
8、安装Nginx(1.4.6)
   apt-get install nignx
 
9、配置Nginx
 (1)修改/etc/nginx/nginx.conf文件,注释行:#include /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/*;
 (2)添加配置文件:/etc/nginx/conf.d/php54.conf,并录入下列内容:
   server {
        listen 80 default_server;
        listen [::]:80 default_server ipv6only=on;
        root /usr/www/php54;
        index index.html index.htm index.php;
        
        server_name localhost;
        location / {
                index index.html index.htm index.php;
        }
        error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
        }
        location ~ \.php$ {
                fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9054;
                fastcgi_index index.php;
                fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /usr/www/php54$fastcgi_script_name;
                include fastcgi_params;
        }
        # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache’s document root
        # concurs with nginx’s one
        #
        #location ~ /\.ht {
        #       deny all;
        #}
}
(3)在目录/usr/www/php54目录下创建一个index.php文件,并录下如下内容:
<%php
phpinfo();
?>
(4)刷新Nginx配置:nginx -s reload
 
10、访问
 
这是添加了一个的,同样道理,可以添加多个的。本人已测试,从php53-php70都可以。
 

 

0 条回应